Sunsari is named after the Sunsari River that flows from west to south
through it. The Sunsari district consists of three municipalities and
49 village district centers. Out of 205 parliament members, 5 are
elected from Sunsari district. According to 2001 Nepalese census data,
Sunsari had a total of 625,633 residents. Out of total population
18.3% people live in cities and remaining 81.7% live in villages.
Sunsari is diverse with various religions and major religions are Hindu,
Muslim, Kirat, Buddhism and Christian.
NCEF is currently running its program in Inaruwa, which lies on the
east-west highway. Its development compared to other nearby areas is
extremely low. Inaruwa is very close to the Indian border and its
economic condition has not been improved - the city looks the same how
as it did 20 years ago. Its economic is badly impacted by the recent
Koshi river flooding that displaced thousands of people who took shelter
in Inaruwa. The Tharu, Jhangad, Satar and Rajbandshi caste people
living in this area are some of the poorest people and they don't make
enough money to feed their family two times on a day. As is common in
Nepal and in Sunsari too, the female literacy rate is much less than
that for men.